You'll often hear soon-to-be parents responding to the questions of "Do you want a boy or a girl?" with "We just want it to be healthy." Having a healthy baby is certainly what a new mom or dad wants. Unfortunately, that doesn't always happen. A birth injury or birth defect can occur, with some leaving behind injured babies who will never lead a completely normal life. The doctor who delivered the baby or cared for the pregnant mother could be held liable for the baby's condition if he or she did not provide treatment that was up to the standard of care.
One birth injury that occurs is perinatal asphyxia. It happens when the baby does not get enough oxygen before, during or after birth. When a baby does not get enough oxygen, there are chemical changes that occur. These are hypoxemia and acidosis. The first one is too little oxygen in the baby's blood. The latter is too much acid in the baby's blood.